As early as the first week of October 1918, both the Ottoman government and several Turkish leaders contacted the Allies to find opportunities for peace. Britain, whose forces were then occupying much of the Ottoman territories, did not want to withdraw for its allies, especially France, which would take control of the Syrian coast and much of present-day Lebanon after an agreement reached in 1916. In a move that angered his French counterpart Georges Clemenceau, Prime Minister David Lloyd George and his cabinet allowed Admiral Arthur Calthorpe, Britain`s naval commander in the Aegean Sea, to negotiate an immediate ceasefire with Turkey without consulting France. Although Britain alone prepared the Ottoman exit from the war, the two powerful Allies would fight for control of the region for years at the Paris Peace Conference and for years beyond. In September 1984, after years of negotiations, the British and Chinese signed a formal agreement authorizing the repatriation of the island to China in 1997 in exchange for China`s promise to maintain Hong Kong`s capitalist system, and on the first of July 1997, Hong Kong was created in a ceremony attended by a number of Chinese and British personalities. officially handed over to China. The head of Hong Kong`s new government, Tung Chee Hwa, has defined a policy based on the concept of „One Country, Two Systems“ that maintains Hong Kong`s role as a major capitalist center in Asia. Subsequently, the „Lausanne II Conference“, whose work lasted three months, led to the signing of the „Treaty of Lausanne“, an international peace agreement, on July 24, 1923 at the „Beau Rivage Plus“ hotel in Lausanne, southern Switzerland, the victorious powers after the First World War (including Great Britain, France and Italy) and the Ottoman Empire, who chaired his delegation to the conference, Ismet Inonu, and on the basis of which the Ottoman Empire was formally divided, and the Turkish Republic was founded under the presidency of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. In 1839, Britain invaded China to break opposition to its participation in the country`s economic and political affairs, and one of the main objectives of the British War was the occupation of Hong Kong Island, populated on the coasts of southeastern China. The new British colony (Hong Kong Island) prospered by becoming a trading center between East and West and the commercial gateway and distribution center for southern China, and in 1898, Britain secured another 99 years of rule over Hong Kong under the Second Beijing Convention. It is possible to strike a balance between the Lausanne II Treaties and the „Treaty of Nanking“ that China addressed to Britain after the First Opium War by signing the Chenba Agreement, which was to end the First Anglo-Chinese Conflict. Among many agreements, there was a separate agreement with the United States, the Chester Concession. In the United States, the treaty was rejected by several groups, including the Committee Against the Treaty of Lausanne (COLT), and on January 18, 1927, the United States Senate refused to ratify the treaty by 50 votes to 34, six votes less than the two-thirds required by the Constitution.
 Therefore, Turkey cancelled the concession.  Turkey has also formally rejected all claims on the Dodecanese Islands (Article 15); Cyprus (Article 20);  Egypt and Sudan (Article 17); Syria and Iraq (Article 3); and (with the Treaty of Ankara) the borders of the latter two nations.  The Treaty of Lausanne was a peace treaty negotiated at the Lausanne Conference of 1922-23 and signed on July 24, 1923 at the Palais de Rumine, Lausanne, Switzerland. It officially resolved the conflict that originally existed between the Ottoman Empire and the Allied French Republic, the British Empire, the Kingdom of Italy, the Empire of Japan, the Kingdom of Greece and the Kingdom of Romania since the beginning of World War I.  The original text of the treaty is in French.  This was the result of a second attempt at peace after the failure of the Treaty of Sèvres. . . .