Gwaii Haanas is a 5,000 km² land and sea protected area with more than 160 islands. Nearly 6,800 species have been documented in the region, including 42 threatened species and more than 20 marine mammals. Archaeological records of human occupation date back at least 14,000 years. Today, Gwaii Haanas is an important area for the traditional use of Haida, commercial and recreational fishing, education and tourism. On average, 2,500-3,000 people visit Gwaii Haanas each year. The traditional use of Haida continues in all land and marine areas, in accordance with the Constitution of the Haida Nation and Section 35 of the Constitutional Act. In the meantime, the Gwaii Haanas NMCAR will compensate for the protection of marine ecosystems while allowing for environmentally sustainable use. These include traditional harvesting, recreational and commercial fishing.  In addition, the land-sea-man management plan strengthens the protection of the sea by increasing strict protection zones from the current 3% to 40%. The plan shows how the Haida Nation, Parks Canada and Fisheries and Oceans Canada are strengthening the protection of Gwaii Haanas` terrestrial and marine environment while respecting the cultural, social and economic importance of the region.
As the long-time administrator of this territory, in the southernmost part of Haida Gwaii, the Haida Nation has watched over Gwaii Haanas for generations. The islands and marine waters of this protected area are teeming with sea creatures, from collapsing whales to dolphins and algae forests pouring into the waves. Visitors from all over the world are inspired by the natural beauty of the area and the rich presence and history of Haida. 1985 Designation of terrestrial and marine areas as Haida Heritage Sites by the Council of the Haida Nation. 1988 The commitment of the Province of British Columbia and the Government of Canada to protect the terrestrial and marine environment (South Moresby Agreement). 1993 The Gwaii Haanas Agreement, by which the Haida Nation and the Government of Canada agreed to the planning, management and exploitation of land and marine areas. . . .