Gotzsche, P.C., Hrobjartsson, A., Johansen, H. K., Haahr, M. T., Altman, D. G., Chan, A. W. (2007). Ghost Authorship in industry-initiated randomized studies. Medicine PLoS,4 (1), e19. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.0040019. Newman, A., Jones, R. (2006). Author of research: ethical and professional questions for short-term researchers. Journal of Medical Ethics, 32 (7), 420-423.
Wager, E. (2009). Recognition, reward and responsibility: why authorship of scientific work is important. Maturitas,62 (2), 109-112. doi.org/10.1016/j.maturitas.2008.12.001. Osborne, J. W., Holland, A. (2009). What is the author and what should it be? An overview of important policies for the determination of fatherhood in scientific publications. Practical evaluation, research and evaluation, 14 (15), 1-19. Who enforces these rules? Increasingly, journals set paternity rules in their information for authors, and authors should read them carefully when submitting documents. But above all, the institution (government laboratory, university or private enterprise) is generally required to ensure compliance with these author`s rules and it is generally up to the dean or research director to enforce them in the course of the proper execution of the research.
The nature of scientific research in the 21st century is very different from that experienced by previous generations of scientists. Whereas in the past it was quite common for scientists to work independently, publish independently and gain recognition with few publications, climate has become a multi-partner for the publication of scientific research. Here are some additional resources for the author`s negotiation: Baethge, C. (2008). Publishing or sinking together: the increase in the number of authors per article in academic journals is the result of a changing scientific culture. Some researchers define the author quite easily. Dtsch Arztebl International,105(20), 380-383. doi.org/10.3238/arztebl.2008.0380. Changes to the authors list after filing, such as. B, a change in the order of authors or the deletion or addition of authors, must be approved by each author. The editors of the journal Nature Research are not in a position to review or resolve copyright disputes before or after publication. Such differences of opinion, when they cannot be resolved among the authors, should be addressed to the competent institutional authority.
It is useful for everyone to realize that the initial authorship and order of the author can change throughout the development of the project to better reflect the actual contributions of all investigators. There are many reasons to change authors, many of which may be specific to the situation. The amendments should be decided on each other, taking into account each other`s perspective and the revision of each individual`s contributions. In addition, the author`s order may be revised if the actual contributions of individuals differ significantly from those expected at the beginning of the project. This can happen when an author assumes increased responsibility or delegates some of his responsibility to other authors. Open and fluid communication in this process is the key to developing a respectful and professional research environment. Grobman, L. (2009). The student: (Re) The authority and the bargaining authority. College Composition and Communication, 61(1), 175-196. For graduates who think scientifically, the realization of research and publishing is essential for both professional development and professional development.